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The Difference Between Full-Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates


Consumers who are interested in adding cannabidiol (CBD) to their regimen have a number of options when it comes to the available products currently on the market — and, CBD distillates and full-spectrum crude oils are some of them. 

At Medical Mike's, we focus on full-spectrum CBD oils that feature all of the beneficial compounds of the hemp plant without leaving any behind. While there are CBD isolate products available, we believe that CBD working in conjunction with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the hemp plant can produce a more enhanced and therapeutic effect in those who consume it. In this article, briefly observe the difference between full-spectrum crude oil and distillates.

What Are Distillate Oils?

Sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum hemp oil, distillates begin as a full-spectrum oil, but are then further refined to remove certain cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). They generally contain as much as 80% CBD, with the remainder comprised of other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant oils. Distillates can be refined even further to create CBD isolates, which are purified CBD crystals that are made up of nearly all CBD.      

There are a few different methods to extract CBD and other compounds of the hemp plant. Distillate oils are run through a more intensive and lengthy extraction process in order to break it down into broad-spectrum or CBD isolates, which essentially leaves behind a product that contains a higher CBD level. But since CBD distillates still contain other cannabinoids, they are sometimes considered full-spectrum products and can contain significant levels of other cannabinoids.

There are pros and cons of distillates, including the following:


  • More potent form of isolated CBD.
  • Versatile (may be used on their own or added to edibles or topicals).


  • Contain very few terpenes that work synergistically together to create the entourage effect.
  • Typically contain a lower content of cannabinoids and other bioactive chemicals.

What Are Full-Spectrum Crude Oils?

Crude CBD oil is also known as full-extract or full-spectrum CBD oil and is considered true hemp oil with all its compounds.

"Full-spectrum" CBD means that all cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids— including CBD and other bioactive compounds — are extracted from the hemp plant instead of just the CBD alone. Studies suggest that when all cannabinoids are ingested together, they work in harmony to provide an even greater effect in the body. This phenomenon is what scientists refer to as the "entourage effect." 

More specifically, the entourage effect is based on the notion that each individual cannabinoid can create a more powerful effect when they work together compared to what they are able to do on their own. For this reason, many consumers may prefer consuming full-spectrum oils over isolates.

Like distillates, full-spectrum CBD oil has its perks and drawbacks, including the following.


  • Offers the full benefits of all compounds in the hemp plant.
  • Less processed than CBD isolates.


  • May have a strong flavor.
  • May contain higher levels of THC, which is less than 0.3% by law.

There are over 100 known cannabinoids, of which CBD and THC are the most abundant and well-known. But there are plenty others that are worth noting because of their potential therapeutic effects and role in the entourage effect in the body. There are also many terpenes in the hemp plant as well, which also deserve their credit for the medicinal properties they may have.

Other cannabinoids that would be present in full-spectrum CBD oils include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), which we will get into more detail below: 

CBG - A cannabinoid not typically abundant in hemp and usually comprises less than 1% levels in most plants. However, when it works synergistically with other cannabinoids in full-spectrum hemp oils, it can offer a number of health benefits, including alleviating pain, inflammation, nausea, and potentially reducing eye pressure caused by glaucoma

CBC - Sharing the same origins as THC and CBD from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may be associated with neurogenesis, alleviation of pain and inflammation, and calming of skin issues. CBC may even have antidepressant properties

Final Thoughts

While there’s certainly the argument that CBD isolates and distillates can be beneficial because of the high concentrations of CBD contained within them, there's also the potential for more heightened effects with full-spectrum crude CBD oils. 

By allowing all beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes to work together, the effects may be more pronounced and powerful compared to the consumption of CBD alone. We invite you to try any one of our high-quality CBD oils to experience the therapeutic potential of full spectrum extracts.


CBD: A Brief Guide On One Extraordinary Cannabinoid



The hemp plant is comprised of a variety of cannabinoids, one of which is cannabidiol (also known as CBD), an increasingly popular and in-demand cannabinoid that has been linked to a plethora of health benefits. The demand for CBD from consumers is so strong that it is anticipated that the CBD market may reach as much as $24 billion by 2024, according to recent data.

CBD is a naturally-occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is just one of over 200 cannabinoids that contribute to the plant's therapeutic properties. It is one of the more abundant cannabinoids in cannabis, the other being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, unlike THC, CBD does not possess any mind-altering properties. THC is known to be the cannabinoid in the cannabis plant that induces psychoactive effects, while CBD does not. It is this characteristic that makes CBD so attractive to many consumers who seek the therapeutic effects of cannabis without experiencing any effect on the mind. 

CBD's Potential Health Benefits

CBD has been linked to a number of medical and wellness benefits. Studies continue to show that CBD may be able to alleviate many issues, including the following:

In addition to the scientific research that has been conducted and continues to be done, there is also plenty of anecdotal evidence from those who have first-hand experience with CBD and its impact on their health. Many people who are looking for alternatives to traditional medications often turn to CBD as a more natural way to deal with their pain and discomfort. 

How Does CBD Work to Alleviate Symptoms of Medical Ailments?

CBD's ability to calm symptoms of a variety of medical ailments has to do with its relationship with the endocannabinoid system in the body. This system is tasked with regulating a number of bodily functions and processes, such as pain, mood, appetite, and sleep, among others. It also plays a key role in ensuring that the internal environment of the body remains in homeostasis, or balance. When this environment is out of balance, any number of conditions can arise. 

The endocannabinoid system is made up of cannabinoid (CB) receptors that are located throughout the body and brain, as well as endocannabinoids that bind to these CB receptors and signal that the system must take action to restore equilibrium. In turn, this may alleviate any negative symptoms that the body may be experiencing. 

But in addition to these naturally-occurring endocannabinoids that are produced by the body, external cannabinoids - such as CBD and others found in the hemp plant - can be introduced to mimic similar actions. CBD works by interacting with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, and depending on where the receptor is located in the body, the effects will vary.

Types of CBD Oil 

Consumers have a few choices when it comes to the type of CBD they choose to consume. Namely, CBD comes in three specific types, including the following:

Full-spectrum CBD - When CBD is extracted from the hemp plant, it can sometimes be extracted along with all other cannabinoids and compounds that are contained within the plant. This includes THC, as well as several other less-abundant cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

Full-spectrum CBD oil essentially has the full spectrum of hemp compounds from the plant. Having all compounds extracted and working together in the body may produce what's known as the "entourage effect," which occurs when all compounds work synergistically to promote more enhanced effects in the mind and body. 

Broad-spectrum CBD - Similar to full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD has many of the compounds of the hemp plant, except THC, which is removed during the extraction process. Those who want to take advantage of the synergistic effects of all compounds working together but don't want the psychoactive effects that THC induces may prefer this type of CBD oil.

CBD isolate - Unlike full- and broad-spectrum CBD, CBD isolates only contain CBD, and all other cannabinoids and compounds are removed.

How Can CBD Be Consumed?

Consumers wishing to incorporate CBD into their regimen have a few options in terms of how to consume the cannabinoid.

Vapes: CBD can be vaped by using a vape pen along with vape juice or pre-filled oil cartridges. A heating element vaporizes the CBD, after which the consumer inhales the vapor through a mouthpiece. Since the CBD does not have to be digested, the effects can be produced very quickly. Those suffering from anxiety, seizures, or any other acute situation may find the quick effects of vaping attractive.

Tinctures: CBD tinctures are liquid compounds that come in bottles with droppers that can be applied under the tongue, after which the CBD can be absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth and enter the bloodstream without having to be digested. As such, the effects of CBD by consuming it in this manner are often faster compared to other modes of consumption.

Edibles: CBD can be added to a number of foods and beverages, including baked goods, candies, and even water. Since the CBD must first pass through the digestive system, it may take longer to take effect. 

Capsules: Beginners in the world of CBD may find the easy dosing and discreet consumption of CBD capsules helpful. CBD capsules are precisely dosed and can be consumed much like any other type of medication or supplement.

Topicals: For those experiencing localized pain or skin conditions, CBD topicals may prove to be useful. These creams and ointments contain CBD and are rubbed directly on the affected area. The CBD is absorbed through the skin and interacts with the cell receptors in the skin, muscles, and nerves to calm pain and inflammation.

Final Thoughts

More studies are needed to continue to solidify the therapeutic effects of CBD, but the current that has been conducted thus far is rather promising. Perhaps just as importantly, all the anecdotal evidence from people who claim that CBD has helped ease their pain and discomfort shows that CBD may have a justified place in the world of alternative medicine.



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