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CBD: A Brief Guide On One Extraordinary Cannabinoid



The hemp plant is comprised of a variety of cannabinoids, one of which is cannabidiol (also known as CBD), an increasingly popular and in-demand cannabinoid that has been linked to a plethora of health benefits. The demand for CBD from consumers is so strong that it is anticipated that the CBD market may reach as much as $24 billion by 2024, according to recent data.

CBD is a naturally-occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is just one of over 200 cannabinoids that contribute to the plant's therapeutic properties. It is one of the more abundant cannabinoids in cannabis, the other being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, unlike THC, CBD does not possess any mind-altering properties. THC is known to be the cannabinoid in the cannabis plant that induces psychoactive effects, while CBD does not. It is this characteristic that makes CBD so attractive to many consumers who seek the therapeutic effects of cannabis without experiencing any effect on the mind. 

CBD's Potential Health Benefits

CBD has been linked to a number of medical and wellness benefits. Studies continue to show that CBD may be able to alleviate many issues, including the following:

In addition to the scientific research that has been conducted and continues to be done, there is also plenty of anecdotal evidence from those who have first-hand experience with CBD and its impact on their health. Many people who are looking for alternatives to traditional medications often turn to CBD as a more natural way to deal with their pain and discomfort. 

How Does CBD Work to Alleviate Symptoms of Medical Ailments?

CBD's ability to calm symptoms of a variety of medical ailments has to do with its relationship with the endocannabinoid system in the body. This system is tasked with regulating a number of bodily functions and processes, such as pain, mood, appetite, and sleep, among others. It also plays a key role in ensuring that the internal environment of the body remains in homeostasis, or balance. When this environment is out of balance, any number of conditions can arise. 

The endocannabinoid system is made up of cannabinoid (CB) receptors that are located throughout the body and brain, as well as endocannabinoids that bind to these CB receptors and signal that the system must take action to restore equilibrium. In turn, this may alleviate any negative symptoms that the body may be experiencing. 

But in addition to these naturally-occurring endocannabinoids that are produced by the body, external cannabinoids - such as CBD and others found in the hemp plant - can be introduced to mimic similar actions. CBD works by interacting with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, and depending on where the receptor is located in the body, the effects will vary.

Types of CBD Oil 

Consumers have a few choices when it comes to the type of CBD they choose to consume. Namely, CBD comes in three specific types, including the following:

Full-spectrum CBD - When CBD is extracted from the hemp plant, it can sometimes be extracted along with all other cannabinoids and compounds that are contained within the plant. This includes THC, as well as several other less-abundant cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

Full-spectrum CBD oil essentially has the full spectrum of hemp compounds from the plant. Having all compounds extracted and working together in the body may produce what's known as the "entourage effect," which occurs when all compounds work synergistically to promote more enhanced effects in the mind and body. 

Broad-spectrum CBD - Similar to full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD has many of the compounds of the hemp plant, except THC, which is removed during the extraction process. Those who want to take advantage of the synergistic effects of all compounds working together but don't want the psychoactive effects that THC induces may prefer this type of CBD oil.

CBD isolate - Unlike full- and broad-spectrum CBD, CBD isolates only contain CBD, and all other cannabinoids and compounds are removed.

How Can CBD Be Consumed?

Consumers wishing to incorporate CBD into their regimen have a few options in terms of how to consume the cannabinoid.

Vapes: CBD can be vaped by using a vape pen along with vape juice or pre-filled oil cartridges. A heating element vaporizes the CBD, after which the consumer inhales the vapor through a mouthpiece. Since the CBD does not have to be digested, the effects can be produced very quickly. Those suffering from anxiety, seizures, or any other acute situation may find the quick effects of vaping attractive.

Tinctures: CBD tinctures are liquid compounds that come in bottles with droppers that can be applied under the tongue, after which the CBD can be absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth and enter the bloodstream without having to be digested. As such, the effects of CBD by consuming it in this manner are often faster compared to other modes of consumption.

Edibles: CBD can be added to a number of foods and beverages, including baked goods, candies, and even water. Since the CBD must first pass through the digestive system, it may take longer to take effect. 

Capsules: Beginners in the world of CBD may find the easy dosing and discreet consumption of CBD capsules helpful. CBD capsules are precisely dosed and can be consumed much like any other type of medication or supplement.

Topicals: For those experiencing localized pain or skin conditions, CBD topicals may prove to be useful. These creams and ointments contain CBD and are rubbed directly on the affected area. The CBD is absorbed through the skin and interacts with the cell receptors in the skin, muscles, and nerves to calm pain and inflammation.

Final Thoughts

More studies are needed to continue to solidify the therapeutic effects of CBD, but the current that has been conducted thus far is rather promising. Perhaps just as importantly, all the anecdotal evidence from people who claim that CBD has helped ease their pain and discomfort shows that CBD may have a justified place in the world of alternative medicine.



CBD vs CBG: The effects, benefits, strains, and best products

hemp cbg

CBD deserves every ounce of acclaim it’s received as the world’s most popular alternative to THC. In fact, you might have noticed we’re quite fond of Vermont CBD at Medical Mike’s. But CBD isn’t the only non-psychoactive cannabinoid with intriguing physiological effects. We think it’s time CBD shared the spotlight with another member of the hemp family–CBG.

Medical Mike's Hemp Reserve CBG Oil:

What is CBG?

CBG (Cannabigerol) stands on its own as a therapeutic, non-intoxicating compound, which transforms in other cannabinoids during hemp’s flowering phase. And when combined with CBD in full spectrum products, CBG can support an even wider array of benefits. That’s why Medical Mike’s is developing a new Reserve Line featuring a hybrid CBD CBG formula. 

So what makes CBG so special? And how do CBD and CBG synergize in hemp products to create even more dynamic benefits? Here we explore.

CBD vs CBG: Do they get you high?

Both cannabinoids are non-intoxicating. That means you absolutely will not get high from ingesting CBD or CBG products derived from hemp.

CBD vs CBG: What are the effects?

As of today, CBD is the only hemp cannabinoid to receive FDA approval for medical use. Proven an effective anti-seizure treatment, CBD can dramatically reduce tremors in childhood epilepsy. But CBG does not display the same anti-convulsive effects, according to preliminary research

CBD is also touted as one of the most natural methods against symptoms of depression, anxiety, and even PTSD. These effects are precisely what makes CBD so popular as a natural aid for daily stress and emotional suffering. While CBG doesn’t exhibit the same anti-anxiety powers, it offers a host of important benefits.   

Research on CBG is in its infancy, but even the U.S. government wants to know more. In 2018, The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) announced plans to research CBG for pain relief due to the cannabinoid’s known analgesic properties.

Pain is one of most overly-medicated conditions, which has led to widespread opioid abuse and countless deaths. Patients are calling for safer alternatives, and CBG may be one game-changing solution. 

Inflammation is one of the main causes of stress and aging that affects every system of the body. Both CBD and CBG are potent anti-inflammatories, which can help relieve a variety of conditions including pain, sore muscles and skin irritation. CBG’s strong neuroinflammatory properties can even support treatment for conditions like Multiple Sclerosis (MS), according to a study in Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. 

Additional benefits:
Research shows CBG contains neuroprotective properties, which can possibly support treatment for degenerative conditions like Huntington’s disease. CBG is also known for its potential to ease Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and even slow the growth of cancer cells in animal studies. But that’s not all. CBG also exhibits antibacterial properties, which can help target infectious disease. 

The list of CBG’s potential benefits are endless, and we are so excited for what future research may reveal. But we want to be clear: CBG is not FDA-approved to treat any medical conditions today. Large scale human clinical trials are needed to prove what pre-clinical research and observational studies predict. 

CBD vs CBG: How do they work in the body?

Like CBD, CBG communicates with chemical receptors in the body, which make up the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The two primary receptors of the ECS are known as CB1 and CB2, which exist in nearly every system of the human body. CB1 receptors are primarily concentrated in the brain and nervous system. While CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. This interaction is what explains the ability of cannabinoids to promote healing. 

But they don’t all interact the same way. For example, CBD works primarily by sending indirect signals to CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBG “talks” to them directly, by binding with these receptors to help regulate a variety of functions. However, CBG has a much weaker binding affinity than cannabinoids like THC, which is why it doesn’t get you high.

CBD vs CBG: What are the most popular strains?

High CBG strains are far less common than high CBD strains. Why? CBG is the acidic precursor to other cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, and CBC. That means CBG can transform into these cannabinoids during the plant’s growth cycle. And when the process is over, only trace amounts of CBG are left behind.

However, with the right seed selection and growing conditions, anything is possible–especially when customers like you demand it. That’s why the team at Medical Mike’s are sourcing top hemp growers in New York, Vermont and Colorado who are experimenting with these rare hemp seed genetics.

Today’s most popular high CBG strains:

Jack Frost

Stem Cell CBG

Superglue CBG

Lemon Cream Diesel

White CBG

As a New York based hemp company, we’ve been exploring high CBG strains to find the best CBG flower for our Reserve line of full spectrum hemp products. Research and development is still underway, but we’re excited to announce details soon!

CBD vs CBG: What are the most popular products?

The most popular CBD and CBG products are generally concentrated oils packaged in tinctures that you take under the tongue. Known as a “sublingual” delivery method, oil tinctures are highly effective because they bypass your digestive system and absorb quickly into the bloodstream. That means sublingual CBD CBG oils can act faster and more effectively than edibles, for example.

That said, CBD edibles are extremely popular and found on almost every shelf of your favorite coffee shop and health food store. You can find CBD in nearly all goodies ranging from chips, to protein bars, to gummies, and even tomatoes.

On the beverage side, you can find CBD in waters, coffee, sodas and juices. CBD is also very common in topical products, from skin salves, to muscle rubs, to treatments and cosmetics.

CBG is less common in edibles and topicals than CBD. But you can find CBG in other popular hemp products such as:

  • Full spectrum CBD and CBG vape cartridges
  • High potency CBD and CBG capsules
  • Smokable CBD and CBG flower

CBD vs CBG: Are they legal?

CBD and CBG are federally legal as long as they are derived from hemp and not from its nefariously intoxicating cousin–marijuana. However, not all products are regulated equally. As of today, the FDA has failed to declare CBD legal in supplements, food, and drinks.

While the country waits for guidance, states like New York have moved forward with regulating products that contain hemp extracts like CBD. Late last year, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed a bill that allows CBD and CBG in supplements, while requiring strict requirements for safety processing and testing. This bill does not include guidance on edibles and beverages.

At Medical Mikes, a New York based hemp company, we ensure all products are compliant with state and federal hemp regulations as they continue to evolve.

CBD vs CBG: How are they extracted?

CBD and CBG can be extracted from hemp using a variety of superfluid liquid solvents to draw them out of the plant and into a solution. The liquid solution is later evaporated, leaving the concentrated CBD and CBG behind. But not every method is as effective or natural as the next.

For example, butane solvents have been shown to leave toxic residue behind. That’s why the team at Medical Mike’s carefully sources high quality hemp CBD processors in New York, Vermont, and Colorado that use the most natural and effective hemp extraction methods. This allows us to obtain the cleanest, most potent CBD CBG products to launch in our new Reserve line.

Our upcoming full spectrum blend, which contains 1,000 mg CBD and 1,000 mg CBG will be extracted via CO2. CO2 extraction is one the most advanced methods because it produces the highest yields without losing hemp’s array of delicate compounds–including volatile terpenes. CO2 hemp extraction is also one the safest methods, because it doesn’t leave behind any residual solvents that are toxic to your body.

At Medical Mike’s, our number one priority is your health. That’s why we only source processors who adhere to the highest standards that customers like you expect.

CBD & CBG: Why take them together?

CBD and CBG products work well individually. But together in high concentrations, they produce synergistic benefits that you can’t get from one compound alone. This concept is widely known as the “Entourage Effect,” which theorizes that there’s a very important connection between cannabinoids and the way they communicate together with the ECS. In fact, cannabis researchers Hildebert Wagner and Gudrun Ulrich-Merzenich said when multiple cannabinoids combine in the body, they improve absorption of active ingredients and minimize potential unwanted side effects.

Bottom Line:
At Medical Mike’s be believe using CBG and CBD together in full spectrum products creates a dynamic solution that combines the benefits of both–All without getting you high. That’s a winning combination.

Want to learn more about Medical Mike’s upcoming Reserve Line of full spectrum hemp extract?
Contact us today.

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