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The Difference Between Full-Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates

 

Consumers who are interested in adding cannabidiol (CBD) to their regimen have a number of options when it comes to the available products currently on the market — and, CBD distillates and full-spectrum crude oils are some of them. 


At Medical Mike's, we focus on full-spectrum CBD oils that feature all of the beneficial compounds of the hemp plant without leaving any behind. While there are CBD isolate products available, we believe that CBD working in conjunction with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the hemp plant can produce a more enhanced and therapeutic effect in those who consume it. In this article, briefly observe the difference between full-spectrum crude oil and distillates.


What Are Distillate Oils?


Sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum hemp oil, distillates begin as a full-spectrum oil, but are then further refined to remove certain cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). They generally contain as much as 80% CBD, with the remainder comprised of other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant oils. Distillates can be refined even further to create CBD isolates, which are purified CBD crystals that are made up of nearly all CBD.      


There are a few different methods to extract CBD and other compounds of the hemp plant. Distillate oils are run through a more intensive and lengthy extraction process in order to break it down into broad-spectrum or CBD isolates, which essentially leaves behind a product that contains a higher CBD level. But since CBD distillates still contain other cannabinoids, they are sometimes considered full-spectrum products and can contain significant levels of other cannabinoids.


There are pros and cons of distillates, including the following:


Pros 


  • More potent form of isolated CBD.
  • Versatile (may be used on their own or added to edibles or topicals).

Cons


  • Contain very few terpenes that work synergistically together to create the entourage effect.
  • Typically contain a lower content of cannabinoids and other bioactive chemicals.

What Are Full-Spectrum Crude Oils?


Crude CBD oil is also known as full-extract or full-spectrum CBD oil and is considered true hemp oil with all its compounds.


"Full-spectrum" CBD means that all cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids— including CBD and other bioactive compounds — are extracted from the hemp plant instead of just the CBD alone. Studies suggest that when all cannabinoids are ingested together, they work in harmony to provide an even greater effect in the body. This phenomenon is what scientists refer to as the "entourage effect." 


More specifically, the entourage effect is based on the notion that each individual cannabinoid can create a more powerful effect when they work together compared to what they are able to do on their own. For this reason, many consumers may prefer consuming full-spectrum oils over isolates.


Like distillates, full-spectrum CBD oil has its perks and drawbacks, including the following.


Pros


  • Offers the full benefits of all compounds in the hemp plant.
  • Less processed than CBD isolates.

Cons


  • May have a strong flavor.
  • May contain higher levels of THC, which is less than 0.3% by law.

There are over 100 known cannabinoids, of which CBD and THC are the most abundant and well-known. But there are plenty others that are worth noting because of their potential therapeutic effects and role in the entourage effect in the body. There are also many terpenes in the hemp plant as well, which also deserve their credit for the medicinal properties they may have.


Other cannabinoids that would be present in full-spectrum CBD oils include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), which we will get into more detail below: 


CBG - A cannabinoid not typically abundant in hemp and usually comprises less than 1% levels in most plants. However, when it works synergistically with other cannabinoids in full-spectrum hemp oils, it can offer a number of health benefits, including alleviating pain, inflammation, nausea, and potentially reducing eye pressure caused by glaucoma


CBC - Sharing the same origins as THC and CBD from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may be associated with neurogenesis, alleviation of pain and inflammation, and calming of skin issues. CBC may even have antidepressant properties


Final Thoughts


While there’s certainly the argument that CBD isolates and distillates can be beneficial because of the high concentrations of CBD contained within them, there's also the potential for more heightened effects with full-spectrum crude CBD oils. 


By allowing all beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes to work together, the effects may be more pronounced and powerful compared to the consumption of CBD alone. We invite you to try any one of our high-quality CBD oils to experience the therapeutic potential of full spectrum extracts.

                                                                                                

CBD vs CBG: The effects, benefits, strains, and best products

hemp cbg

CBD deserves every ounce of acclaim it’s received as the world’s most popular alternative to THC. In fact, you might have noticed we’re quite fond of Vermont CBD at Medical Mike’s. But CBD isn’t the only non-psychoactive cannabinoid with intriguing physiological effects. We think it’s time CBD shared the spotlight with another member of the hemp family–CBG.

Medical Mike's Hemp Reserve CBG Oil:
https://medicalmikes.com/products/2000mg-full-spectrum-cbg-cbd-oil

What is CBG?

CBG (Cannabigerol) stands on its own as a therapeutic, non-intoxicating compound, which transforms in other cannabinoids during hemp’s flowering phase. And when combined with CBD in full spectrum products, CBG can support an even wider array of benefits. That’s why Medical Mike’s is developing a new Reserve Line featuring a hybrid CBD CBG formula. 

So what makes CBG so special? And how do CBD and CBG synergize in hemp products to create even more dynamic benefits? Here we explore.

CBD vs CBG: Do they get you high?

Both cannabinoids are non-intoxicating. That means you absolutely will not get high from ingesting CBD or CBG products derived from hemp.

CBD vs CBG: What are the effects?

Seizures:
As of today, CBD is the only hemp cannabinoid to receive FDA approval for medical use. Proven an effective anti-seizure treatment, CBD can dramatically reduce tremors in childhood epilepsy. But CBG does not display the same anti-convulsive effects, according to preliminary research

Depression/Anxiety:
CBD is also touted as one of the most natural methods against symptoms of depression, anxiety, and even PTSD. These effects are precisely what makes CBD so popular as a natural aid for daily stress and emotional suffering. While CBG doesn’t exhibit the same anti-anxiety powers, it offers a host of important benefits.   

Pain:
Research on CBG is in its infancy, but even the U.S. government wants to know more. In 2018, The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) announced plans to research CBG for pain relief due to the cannabinoid’s known analgesic properties.

Pain is one of most overly-medicated conditions, which has led to widespread opioid abuse and countless deaths. Patients are calling for safer alternatives, and CBG may be one game-changing solution. 

Anti-inflammatory:
Inflammation is one of the main causes of stress and aging that affects every system of the body. Both CBD and CBG are potent anti-inflammatories, which can help relieve a variety of conditions including pain, sore muscles and skin irritation. CBG’s strong neuroinflammatory properties can even support treatment for conditions like Multiple Sclerosis (MS), according to a study in Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. 

Additional benefits:
Research shows CBG contains neuroprotective properties, which can possibly support treatment for degenerative conditions like Huntington’s disease. CBG is also known for its potential to ease Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and even slow the growth of cancer cells in animal studies. But that’s not all. CBG also exhibits antibacterial properties, which can help target infectious disease. 

The list of CBG’s potential benefits are endless, and we are so excited for what future research may reveal. But we want to be clear: CBG is not FDA-approved to treat any medical conditions today. Large scale human clinical trials are needed to prove what pre-clinical research and observational studies predict. 

CBD vs CBG: How do they work in the body?

Like CBD, CBG communicates with chemical receptors in the body, which make up the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The two primary receptors of the ECS are known as CB1 and CB2, which exist in nearly every system of the human body. CB1 receptors are primarily concentrated in the brain and nervous system. While CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. This interaction is what explains the ability of cannabinoids to promote healing. 

But they don’t all interact the same way. For example, CBD works primarily by sending indirect signals to CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBG “talks” to them directly, by binding with these receptors to help regulate a variety of functions. However, CBG has a much weaker binding affinity than cannabinoids like THC, which is why it doesn’t get you high.

CBD vs CBG: What are the most popular strains?

High CBG strains are far less common than high CBD strains. Why? CBG is the acidic precursor to other cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, and CBC. That means CBG can transform into these cannabinoids during the plant’s growth cycle. And when the process is over, only trace amounts of CBG are left behind.

However, with the right seed selection and growing conditions, anything is possible–especially when customers like you demand it. That’s why the team at Medical Mike’s are sourcing top hemp growers in New York, Vermont and Colorado who are experimenting with these rare hemp seed genetics.

Today’s most popular high CBG strains:

Jack Frost

Stem Cell CBG

Superglue CBG

Lemon Cream Diesel

White CBG

As a New York based hemp company, we’ve been exploring high CBG strains to find the best CBG flower for our Reserve line of full spectrum hemp products. Research and development is still underway, but we’re excited to announce details soon!

CBD vs CBG: What are the most popular products?

The most popular CBD and CBG products are generally concentrated oils packaged in tinctures that you take under the tongue. Known as a “sublingual” delivery method, oil tinctures are highly effective because they bypass your digestive system and absorb quickly into the bloodstream. That means sublingual CBD CBG oils can act faster and more effectively than edibles, for example.

That said, CBD edibles are extremely popular and found on almost every shelf of your favorite coffee shop and health food store. You can find CBD in nearly all goodies ranging from chips, to protein bars, to gummies, and even tomatoes.

On the beverage side, you can find CBD in waters, coffee, sodas and juices. CBD is also very common in topical products, from skin salves, to muscle rubs, to treatments and cosmetics.

CBG is less common in edibles and topicals than CBD. But you can find CBG in other popular hemp products such as:

  • Full spectrum CBD and CBG vape cartridges
  • High potency CBD and CBG capsules
  • Smokable CBD and CBG flower

CBD vs CBG: Are they legal?

CBD and CBG are federally legal as long as they are derived from hemp and not from its nefariously intoxicating cousin–marijuana. However, not all products are regulated equally. As of today, the FDA has failed to declare CBD legal in supplements, food, and drinks.

While the country waits for guidance, states like New York have moved forward with regulating products that contain hemp extracts like CBD. Late last year, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed a bill that allows CBD and CBG in supplements, while requiring strict requirements for safety processing and testing. This bill does not include guidance on edibles and beverages.

At Medical Mikes, a New York based hemp company, we ensure all products are compliant with state and federal hemp regulations as they continue to evolve.

CBD vs CBG: How are they extracted?

CBD and CBG can be extracted from hemp using a variety of superfluid liquid solvents to draw them out of the plant and into a solution. The liquid solution is later evaporated, leaving the concentrated CBD and CBG behind. But not every method is as effective or natural as the next.

For example, butane solvents have been shown to leave toxic residue behind. That’s why the team at Medical Mike’s carefully sources high quality hemp CBD processors in New York, Vermont, and Colorado that use the most natural and effective hemp extraction methods. This allows us to obtain the cleanest, most potent CBD CBG products to launch in our new Reserve line.

Our upcoming full spectrum blend, which contains 1,000 mg CBD and 1,000 mg CBG will be extracted via CO2. CO2 extraction is one the most advanced methods because it produces the highest yields without losing hemp’s array of delicate compounds–including volatile terpenes. CO2 hemp extraction is also one the safest methods, because it doesn’t leave behind any residual solvents that are toxic to your body.

At Medical Mike’s, our number one priority is your health. That’s why we only source processors who adhere to the highest standards that customers like you expect.

CBD & CBG: Why take them together?

CBD and CBG products work well individually. But together in high concentrations, they produce synergistic benefits that you can’t get from one compound alone. This concept is widely known as the “Entourage Effect,” which theorizes that there’s a very important connection between cannabinoids and the way they communicate together with the ECS. In fact, cannabis researchers Hildebert Wagner and Gudrun Ulrich-Merzenich said when multiple cannabinoids combine in the body, they improve absorption of active ingredients and minimize potential unwanted side effects.

Bottom Line:
At Medical Mike’s be believe using CBG and CBD together in full spectrum products creates a dynamic solution that combines the benefits of both–All without getting you high. That’s a winning combination.

Want to learn more about Medical Mike’s upcoming Reserve Line of full spectrum hemp extract?
Contact us today.

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